Qara U'y: The Qaraqalpaq Yurt and Its Decoration
David and Sue Richardson, Independent Researchers, Nottingham, UK
Saturday, September 15, 201210:00 AM - 12:30 PM
314 Royce Hall
The UCLA Program on Central Asia and the Textile Museum Associates of Southern California, Inc. present an illustrated lecture by David and Sue Richardson, authors of Qaraqalpaqs of the Aral Delta.
The Qaraqalpaqs are an ethnically diverse Turkic-speaking people who mainly inhabit the isolated delta region of the lower Amu Darya, situated to the south of the Aral Sea. Their exact numbers are unknown but are probably close to 600,000. Their homeland is the Autonomous Republic of Qaraqalpaqstan, formed by the Soviets in 1925. Despite its Autonomous Republic status, Qaraqalpaqstan is effectively little more than just another province within the independent Republic of Uzbekistan, albeit the largest province, accounting for over one third of Uzbekistan's land area.
Qara u'y means “black dwelling,” which is the word that the Qaraqalpaqs used to refer to their yurt. A fully decorated Qaraqalpaq yurt is a joyful sight–one of the most delightful nomadic dwellings in the whole of Central Asia. However Qaraqalpaq weavings have never been properly researched and remain relatively unknown compared to those of their Qazaq, Uzbek, or Turkmen neighbours. Many items that are described as Qaraqalpaq are not Qaraqalpaq at all, while genuine Qaraqalpaq weavings are frequently mislabelled and incorrectly dated.
After introducing the Qaraqalpaqs and describing their unusual formerly semi-nomadic lifestyle, David and Sue Richardson will describe the special features of the Qaraqalpaq qara u'y and how it was made. The key focus of their talk will be the various structural and decorative weavings associated with the yurt, along with Qaraqalpaq storage bags, rugs, and carpets. They will explain how they were woven and how they were used. They will end by attempting to resolve the long-standing controversy that has surrounded Qaraqalpaq carpets for over a century.
David and Sue Richardson have been studying the Qaraqalpaqs full-time for the past fourteen years, making frequent visits to the Aral region and working with local academics, archaeologists, and museum curators. Their richly illustrated large-format book, Qaraqalpaqs of the Aral Delta, was published by Prestel in July, 2012. It is the first definitive account of the Qaraqalpaqs and their stunning textile arts available in the English language. David was trained as a scientist and holds a doctorate in quantum physics from Cambridge University. He spent his career as a senior manager in the British chemical, pharmaceutical and scientific equipment industries. Sue is an English literature graduate with a love of the English language. She spent her career in personnel management and training in the British retail industry. They have both travelled extensively throughout the developed and the developing world.
For further information about the Richardsons' research and public program schedule, please visit http://www.qaraqalpaq.com/index.html.
Textile Museum Associates of Southern California, Inc. (TMA/SC) is a non-profit organization founded in 1985. TMA/SC presents monthly educational programs, discussions, field trips, and special events focused on handmade textiles, weavings, Oriental carpets and costumes from around the world.
Pay-by-space parking is available in Parking Structure 5-level 6, and Parking Structure 4. Please visit www.transportation.ucla.edu for parking rates and locations.
Cost : This special meeting of the TMA/SC is free and open to the public.
Sponsor(s): Asia Institute, Program on Central Asia, Textile Museum Associates of Southern California, American Conference on Oriental Rugs (ACOR)